Male and females condoms are a barrier contraception method for preventing pregnancy and STIs.
When used correctly, condoms are highly effective. Condoms are also the only contraceptive method that protect against both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV and syphilis.
Oral contraceptive pill
The contraceptive pill is a short-acting contraceptive method.
Contraceptive pills contain hormones, similar to those naturally produced by a woman’s body. The pill needs to be taken at the same time every day to effectively prevent pregnancy. It’s ability to prevent pregnancy depends on a person using it correctly.
The implant is a highly effective, long-acting and reversible method of contraception.
It consists of either 1 or 2 small plastic rods that are placed in the upper arm and, depending on the product used, is effective at preventing pregnancy for 3 to 5 years.
The injectable or contraceptive injection is an effective, long-acting and reversible method of contraception.
It works by releasing a hormone that stops eggs being released by the body. Injectables are highly effective, lasting 2 to 3 months (depending on the type used), but women must remember to return for another injection around this time or risk not being protected from pregnancy.
The IUD is a highly effective (99%), long-acting and reversible method of contraception.
It is a small, T-shaped device that is made from plastic and copper and works by stopping a man's sperm from meeting an egg and/or by stopping an egg implanting in the uterus. The procedure for inserting an IUD is simple, only taking a few minutes by a trained person.
Tubal ligation is a permanent, irreversible contraceptive solution for women.
It is suitable for women who are sure they don't want anymore children.
The method involves a short surgical procedure, performed by a highly trained doctor that prevents woman's eggs and the man's sperm meeting, so a pregnancy can't occur.